Study of clinical and microbial profile of infections in type 2 diabetes mellitus
Adroja CG1, Sheta MM*1, Shah SI2, Sonagara MJ3
1Resident, 2Assistant Professor, 3Associate Professor; Department of General Medicine, C U Shah Medical College & Hospital, Dudhrej road, Surendranagar, Gujarat, India
Introduction: Diabetes mellitus predisposes to infection. Clinical data on infections in diabetes mellitus patients from rural areas of India are lacking. We intended to determine the clinical profile and pattern of infections in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients in rural area.
Methods: This prospective observational study was conducted in type 2 diabetes patients admitted in Medicine department at a tertiary care hospital from December 2014 to November 2015.
Results: In this study, 627 patients with diabetes mellitus admitted during December 2014 to November 2015 were observed. Out of these 627 patients 263 had various types of infections. Maximum number of patients belonged to age group of 46 to 60 years and there was male predominance. The commonest comorbidity was hypertension (51.33 %). Common infections encountered were urinary tract infection (40.30 %), respiratory tract infection (28.90 %) and Skin and soft tissue infections (12.93 %). Escherichia coli, Candida, Klebsiella pneumonaie and Staphylococcus aureus were the common causative organisms of all these infections.
Conclusion: Physicians should be aware of risk factors and type of infections present in patients with diabetes in order to provide proper care and for their prevention.
Keywords: Diabetes mellitus, Infections, Risk factor, Tuberculosis, UTI.