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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 8-12

Effect of systemic doxycycline on scaling and root planing in chronic periodontitis

Department of Periodontology, K. M. Shah Dental College and Hospital, Sumandeep Vidyapeeth, Vadodara, Gujarat, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Neeraj Chandrahas Deshpande
K. M. Shah Dental College and Hospital, Sumandeep Vidyapeeth, Piparia, Waghodia, Vadodara - 391 760, Gujarat
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/JIHS.JIHS_4_18

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Background: Periodontitis is a multifactorial chronic inflammatory disease. It occurs due to inflammation and tooth-supporting tissues destruction by subgingival microbiota. Anti-infective therapy has been accepted as the cornerstone of periodontal treatment. Aim: The aim of the study was to evaluate the efficacy of doxycycline as adjunct to scaling and root planing in treatment of chronic periodontitis. Materials and Methods: A total of 52 participants having moderate to severe chronic periodontitis were included and divided into 2 groups: Group A (Test group-SRP+Doxycycline) and Group B (Control group-SRP alone). Plaque Index (PI), Gingival Index (GI), Probing Depth (PD) and Clinical Attachment Level (CAL) were assessed at baseline and 3 months interval. Result: Significant differences were seen from baseline to 3 months in both test and control groups in terms of reduction in PI, GI, PD and gain in CAL (P<0.001). Inter-group analysis showed significant differences between the two groups after 3 months, with GI, PD and CAL with P-value <0.001. Conclusion: At the end of 3 months, Doxycycline showed better results after mechanical therapy in the treatment of patients with chronic periodontitis because it has an anticollagenase effect that can inhibit tissue destruction and aid bone regeneration.

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