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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 99-106

Early neurodevelopmental supportive care: Approach to enhance the neurodevelopmental outcome in premature and low birth weight infant

Department of Pediatric Nursing, College of Nursing, AIIMS, Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India

Correspondence Address:
Mr. V A Raghu
College of Nursing, AIIMS, Jodhpur, Rajasthan
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jihs.jihs_24_21

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The mother's womb is a favorable environment for fetal growth and development. The extrauterine environment is traumatic to tiny and premature infants for survival, and the environment in neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) does not support the optimal brain growth and development of a premature infant. The survived premature and low birth infants are at risk to develop lifetime disabilities and impaired neurodevelopment outcomes. The aim of the review was to highlight the component of early neurodevelopmental supportive care used in NICU to enhance the neurodevelopment of preterm and low birth weight. The researcher used electronic databases – PubMed, MEDLINE, CINAHL, and Google Scholar electronic databases for searching the literature. Poor developmental outcome impacts directly on the long-term development and functionality during infancy, childhood, and adulthood. The early neurodevelopmental supportive care in NICU and in early infancy period could improve the neurodevelopmental outcome. Neurodevelopmental supportive care is an approach that uses a wide variety of medical and nursing interventions that focus to decrease the stress of preterm neonates in NICUs and support optimum neuronal growth as well neurobehavioral development of an infant. Nurturing a child by understanding their needs and responding sensitively helps to protect developing brains from undue stress and support optimal cognitive and behavioral development.

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