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Pharmacognostic evaluation on four commonly used antianemic plants: Spinach, amla, ashwagandha, and kakachiya

1 B. K. Mody Government Pharmacy College, Rajkot, Gujarat, India
2 Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Saurashtra University, Rajkot, Gujarat, India
3 R and D Department, Patheon INC, Canada

Correspondence Address:
Mayuri M Thumar,
Lecturer, B. K. Mody Government Pharmacy College, Rajkot - 360 003, Gujarat
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jihs.jihs_12_22

Background: Many medicinal plants, including Spinacia oleracea, Withania somnifera, Emblica officinalis, and Caesalpinia bonducella, are helpful in treating anaemia, a malady that kept them in inadvertent isolation. Aim and objective: The goal of this study is to establish the macro- and micro-morphological standards as well as the pharmacognostic, phytochemical, and physicochemical standards for clear distinctions between the chosen plants. Materials and Methods: Macro- and micro-morphological features, quantitative microscopy, soluble extractives, pH, ash values, and phytochemical profiles of leaves of S. oleracea and C. bonducella, roots of W. somnifera, and fruit of E. officinalis were determined using standard methods. Results: The leaves of S. oleracea and C. bonducella leaves were smooth, succulent, ovate to triangular or elliptic-oblong, and green in hue. The roots of W. somnifera are stout, long, woody, tuberous, fleshy, and of a whitish-brown color, and the E. officinalis fruit had a greenish yellow color and was smooth, spherical, or globular in shape. Additional differences in stomata arrangement, epidermal cell, histological features of the leaf's midrib, W. somnifera root, and E. officinalis fruit, as well as the physicochemical and phytochemical profiles of S. oleracea and C. bonducella leaves, W. somnifera root, and E. officinalis fruit, provide helpful information for clearly differentiating adulteration. Conclusion: These are important for making sure those manufacturers, regulators, and researchers of herbal products get the right plants.

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